Located on the flood plain of
the Koshi River in the eastern Terai of Nepal,
the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (175 sq km)
is home to around 441 species of birds, 30 shore
birds, 114 water birds, 20 ducks and 2 ibises.
The endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican
are also found here. The Koshi Barrage is an
extremely important resting-place for migratory
birds numbering to 87 winter visitors.
The Koshi river which forms the
major landmark of the reserve is home to 80
fish species. The endangered Gharial crocodile
and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the
river. The last surviving population of wild
buffalo or arna in Nepal is found here. Its
number at present is estimated to be 150. The
reserve is a habitat of 20 other animal species
such as hog deer, spotted deer, wild boar, blue
bull and rock python.
The vegetation mainly includes
tall khar-pater grasslands with a few patches
of khair-sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed
During the monsoon, the reserve
is flooded with depths ranging from 10 to 300
cm. From season to season the Koshi River changes
its course. The Koshi river also know as the
Sapta Koshi meaning seven great rivers collects
waters from the glaciers, glacial lakes, and
the monsoon rains. Embankments are constructed
parallel to the river to check flooding in the
surrounding villages. Sunsets over the river
are phenomenal. On clear days, views of the
Himalayan peaks including the Mt Makalu add
beauties to the landscape.
Recognizing its global significance,
the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve has been recognized
as the Ramsar Site in 1987. The reserve was
gazette notified in 1976.
Bird watching along the
eastern embankment at dusk and dawn is one of
the most exciting pleasure trips in the reserve.
The Arnas with their huge horns are equally
impressive to look at. Elephant ride, nature
walk, driving along the embankment and strolling
around the villages are interesting activities.
By Air : It is
a 50 minute flight from Kathmandu to Biratnagar,
and there are at least 6 flights a day. The
camp is a little over an hour's drive from Biratnagar
From Kakarvitta (coming from India) it is roughly
3 hours drive to the camp along the east-west
highway. From Chitwan it is 300 km which takes
roughly an 8 hour drive to reach the camp. From
Kathmandu it is 500 km. which generally takes
12 hours. We generally do not recommend driving
straight from and to Kathmandu as it is rather
a long journey.
This scenic route can be better
enjoyed by making your visit a combination of
Chitwan and Koshi holidays. At Chitwan you may
like to spend at least 2 nights to enjoy some
of the birds and large mammals.
Raft : If you
are rafting in one of the tributaries of the
Koshi River, our camp is easily accessed by
stopping your boat at Madhuban. Given prior
notice of your arrival we will send escorts
for your group. Our camp will be an ideal place
to relax after a long journey down the river.